Croatian agriculture is divided into three different geographical and climatic zones: the lowland zone in the north of the country, influenced by the continental climate; the coastal zone in the south, influenced by the Mediterranean climate; and the mountainous zone that occupies the central part of Croatia. Such diversity, in addition to a relatively low level of pollution, allows for the production of numerous agricultural products including farm and industrial crops, vineyards, and continental and Mediterranean fruits and vegetables.
Croatia has a total of 3.15 million hectares (ha) of agricultural land out of which only 1.3 million ha is in use. Farms in Croatia can be characterised as being relatively small: the average size of 5.6 hectares per holding is considerably less than the average of 14.4 hectares per holding across the whole of the EU27.
The country meets most of its food and drink needs through imports, which are on average cheaper than domestically produced goods. Croatia’s total imports in this category vary around 1.15 billion. The situation has been worsened by rising competition from regional and EU players, the latter of which are particularly prominent in terms of imports of cocoa, soybeans, oil crops, breeding cattle, milk, meat, fruit and vegetables.